M 78

M 78
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Object: M 78
Date of exposures: 04.01.2017, 05.01.2017
Distance: 1.600 Lightyears
Exposures: Lum: 21 x 600 Sec., RGB: 30 x 420 Sec., Sum: 6,9 hrs.
Telescope: Takahashi FSQ85
Focal length: 450 mm
Filter: Astrodon RGB E-Series, Astronomik CLS CCD
Camera: Atik 490Exm
Guiding: Off Axis Guider, Lodestar
Mount: EQ8

The nebula Messier 78 (also known as M 78 or NGC 2068) is a reflection nebula in the constellation Orion. It was discovered by Pierre Méchain in 1780 and included by Charles Messier in his catalog of comet-like objects that same year.

M78 is the brightest diffuse reflection nebula of a group of nebulae that include NGC 2064, NGC 2067 and NGC 2071. This group belongs to the Orion Molecular Cloud Complex and is about 1,600 light years distant from Earth. M78 is easily found in small telescopes as a hazy patch and involves two stars of 10th magnitude. These two stars, HD 38563A and HD 38563B, are responsible for making the cloud of dust in M78 visible by reflecting their light.